Smith (“☩ SMITH”)

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Smith (“☩ SMITH”)
(Updated 2018, July)

The mark “☩ SMITH” can be seen in

Sketchley’s Sheffield Directory“, 1774 (a):
1774b-razors kopie3

In “Bailey’s Directory, Sheffield“, 1781, this can be seen:

DSCN2641 kopieNot sure if this is the same “George Smith” with trademark
☩ SMITH”, since there is also was a “George SMITH” F1766
(father “Geo. Smith” (deceased)), apprenticed in 1752 to John Patton, cutler
George Smith, 1752, F1766

In the article of “Lummus” (1) we can find:
” George Smith & sons”, Pea Croft, Sheffield,  1770 – 1785,
trademark: cross and “Smith”

→  between 1770 – 1785, George Smith operated as “George Smith & sons

→  Conclusion: Before 1770, highly possible it was just George Smith

Gales & Martin Sheffield directory“, 1787, shows:DSCN2629 kopie3

 As seen previously, in the directory of 1774 the mark “☩ SMITH” is shown first,
above “T S“, and “Leipzig” next to the name “George Smith and sons“,
we can presume that the mark “☩ SMITH” belongs primary to George Smith,
not to his sons, though Thomas used this mark later on as his own (1787).

The shape of the following razors are typical for razors made prior to 1775.
The spine is stamped “GEO. (George) SMITH MAKER”. Because of the fact that it was “George Smith and sons” from 1770-1785, these razors would be older then 1770.

(private collection)


The following one is special because of the extra “G” → “☩ G:SMITH”DSCN4672

(Update 2018, July)

This razor only has “G:SMITH” (no ☩ cross) as mark
The way the spine is stamped, is exactly the same as previous razors,
IMHO this would be made from the same maker!
The style of the “Dip-at-toe” (“Dip-at-toe” 18th century) seems to me
a bit more like an “Ancient Dip-at-toe” with a more downwards angle;
this leads me to think this is an early made razor made by George Smith
(MC 1749, see further); maybe this razor was made around 1735-1750…

→ Concluded → the mark☩ SMITH” indeed did belong first to George Smith
(Geo. Smith maker)
, later on, it went on to Thomas Smith, his son

→ Thomas Smith had inherited the mark from his father, George Smith,
as this was a custom in those days (2)

Searching on “Sheffield records online”(3) and “Hallamshire cutlers” (4) reveals
the only logical Thomas Smith, who could fit the 1787 directory, and had a father,
named George, who was a cutler in Sheffield :

Thomas Smith, F1763; apprenticed to father, George Smith, cutler, Sheffield
(F= Freedom (2)). When we assume that he took his Freedom around the age
of 21 years (2), he would be born around 1741-1743

One of his first apprentices (or even his first, because a freemen had to work at least three years before he could
take an apprentice) was “Thomas Paramour”, apprenticed 1766 (F1791) to Thomas Smith, cutler, Pea Croft, Sheffield

Further investigation of “Sheffield records online”(3) & “Hallamshire cutlers”(4)
reveals the only logical “GEO Smith” (as seen on the razors), that would be cutler in
Sheffield, with F before 1770, and could have a son, Thomas, that took his F in 1763:

George Smith (F 1734), son of Thomas Smith, apprenticed to master
Jonathan Platt, 
cutler, Sheffield. When we assume that he took his Freedom
around the age of 21 years (2), he would be born around 1712-1714

Searching a bit further we find a George Smith, cutler, Pea croft, Sheffield (1,5).
He was Master Cutler in 1749. This is the same George Smith with the mark
☩ SMITH” (1).

⇒ George Smith, cutler, most probably F1734 (3, 4,5), son of Thomas Smith, worked and lived in Pea Croft, Sheffield, were he was Master Cutler in 1749 (5,6,7). Because Thomas Smith used the mark “☩ SMITH” in 1787 or earlier, and the given “George Smith & sons”  1770 – 1785 (1), George would presumably would have died around 1785.

George Smith had 12 children (6).
His oldest son, John (7), became in 1756 (or 1755) an assistant minister at the Parish
Church of Sheffield (5,6,7) and curate in charge at Attercliffe (6). In 1759 he obtained
the post of Head Master of the Sheffield Grammar school (8). The next year, he married
Margaret Matthewman.  John Smith died in 1776 (6). I didn’t find his birthdate, but I
would guess that it isn’t far from 1734…

The only son (9) of John Smith, was Reverend George Smith (° 1763 – †1817 (9,10)), he also became an assistant minister at the Parish Church, and curate at Ecclesall 1801-1817 (7) (Studying the dates (9,10) reveals that George was born between 7 April – 8 August 1763)

Rev. George (son of John), and his son, Albert, were educated at the Grammar School (6)

Albert, became a solicitor, acting for the Water Company in particular, clerk to the magistrates, and was an original trustee of the Collegiate School (7,11)

  • 1825, Albert Smith, Solicitor, Magistrates’ Clerk, Castle street (11)
  • 1841, Albert Smith, Solicitor, & clerk to the Magistrates, 26 Castle street, hs. Bents green (12)

Rev. George Smith had more then 1 son (13):

Smith Rem. Sheff. 1
Smith Rem. Sheff. 2.png
(John married Margaret Matthewman and had only son (Rev.) George;
sons of Rev. George: Albert, Urban, and …)

Albert Smith’s son, Ralph Blakelock Smith, died at Bent’s Green Lodge, Ecclesall, 1880,
at the age of 56 (7)

The original surname “Smith” was changed to “Blakelock” last century (= 19th C.) (6,7)

→  Quote: “Albert’s two grandsons (… now called Blakelock) …” (6)

Other possible (not certain) sons of George Smith, MC 1749,
besides John and Thomas Smith (F1763) are:

  • Georgius Smith, F1761
  • Samuel Smith, F1764
  • William Smith, F1774, apprentice to master John Fox, cutler

Besides that Georgius Smith (F1761) could possibly be a son of
George Smith (MC 1749), coincidence, or not, also this can be found:

1774b-razors kopie2(→ Scotland being Scotland (street), Sheffield)

“Gales & Martin Sheffield directory”, 1787, shows:

DSCN2629 kopie3

I don’t know if this actually proves that Georgius and Thomas were indeed brothers…

Lastly, another link to George Smith (MC 1749) can be found:

Richard Smith (1818-1890), artist (14)

George Smith, 1752, F1766
“George SMITH” (1752, F1766, father “Geo. Smith“, deceased) could have been possibly a son of “the” “George Smith”
(F 1734, son of Thomas Smith), if there wasn’t the fact that the father of George SMITH (1752, F1766), “Geo. Smith“,
was deceased before 1766, preventing thereby the possibility “George Smith and sons” to exist between 1770-1785.
So this George SMITH (1752, F1766) has nothing to do with the trademark “cross SMITH”.
Although he still could be the razor maker in “Bailey’s Directory, Sheffield”, 1781…
DSCN2641 kopieOr this could be “George Smith” (F 1734) …

The mark “☩ SMITH”, used by “George Smith” (MC 1749) and his son “Thomas Smith”
(F1763), was used until the 19th century, as these pictures proof:

☩ SMITH” – WARRANTED+Smith 19th century 1b.jpg(

I don’t know who the maker was, or even if this was made by a son of Thomas Smith, F1763 or not… but this is definitely made in the 19th century (IMHO around 1810-1820)

A little bit more information about George Smith:

“SRP” Link “stubtail ☩ Smith George?” Link
“SRP” Link “Special razor 18th century George Smith” Link


(, “Sketchley’s Sheffield Directory”, 1774 Link
(1) Link
“Old Sheffield razors” by Lummus. Antiques, December 1922 p.261-267)
” George Smith & sons” , Pea Croft, Sheffield, 1770 – 1785, trademark, cross and “Smith”
(2) information about the cutlers company, freedom, marks Link
(3) Sheffield Master Cutlers and Apprentices Sheffield Records Online  Link
(Where no abode is given then “Sheffield is generally to be understood”)
Thomas Smith F1763, father George Smith, cutler, Sheffield
(4) Hallamshire cutlers Eric Youle Link
Thomas Smith F1763, father George Smith, cutler, Sheffield
(5) Link
“LEONARD: The house is still standing in Pea croft that was built by the grandfather of Mr. Albert Smith-George Smith, who was, Master Cutler in 1749, and whose feast, as already told, cost £2. 2s. 9d. That was in the days when the apprentices lived in the house with their masters; and as Mr. Smith had besides a large family of children, he used to lead rather a long procession when he went, wearing his cocked hat, down the Croft, up Silver street head, and across Hick’s stile field to the Parish Church, of which one of his sons was afterwards to be assistant-minister.”
(6) Link
“… The original name was Smith but this was changed to Blakelock last century…
(side note from Fikira  → “last century” = 19th century)
The Smith family seems to have sprung from the region north of Ecclesfield. Many of the names in this district, such as Burncross, Charlton (earlier Charkin) Brook and Smithy Car, indicate how the woods were used at an early date to provide fuel for the local forges, and it is suggested that arrow-heads were made here even in Roman times. The earliest reference I have seen to the family is when the Sheffield lord, Thomas de Furnival, granted lands near Chapeltown to Gilbert Smith (or Faber, in the Latin) who then, in 1267, granted them in turn to Thomas de Berries. From this time onwards the evidence of the family’s activities increase. Miss Blakelock starts her chronicle with Thomas Smith who was born at the end of the sixteenth century. By this time there were many different families of the same name and it is difficult to trace their connections. It would be interesting if this Thomas Smith was related to the attorney of the same name, whose bequest to ” the Towne of Sheffeild ” led to the refoundation of the old grammar school and the obtaining of the charter in 1604, but the identity of the benefactor is still a mystery.
Fifty years later Samuel Smith had acquired a large enough fortune to rank as a gentleman—in those days this title had a special meaning and was only granted to a few families in Sheffield. Two generations later we find George Smith employing many workers in his cutlery manufactory and becoming Master Cutler in 1749. It is possible to imagine him and his wife going ” to Church on Sunday morning with their twelve children walking two and two before them, and twelve apprentices walking two and two behind them.” Of the children, the eldest son, John, was being taught at the Grammar School by John Cliff and then, for a few months, by Thomas Marshall. In 1748 he entered St. John’s College Cambridge as a sizar (the poorest grade of student) and did so well that he graduated in 1753 as Seventh Wrangler (i.e. seventh in order of merit). After two curacies elsewhere he returned to Sheffield, in January, 1756, as an assistant minister at the Parish Church and curate in charge at Attercliffe. The assistant ministers were responsible for preaching the sermons, but most of John Smith’s were destroyed by his grand-daughters who were shocked at his “High Church doctrines.”
In 1759 Marshall died and John’s ability and local connections obtained for him the post of Head Master. He seemed to celebrate his appointment by marrying Margaret Matthewman early the next year. He was the first master for over a century who was allowed to hold an ecclesiastical post at the same time…. John Smith before the latter’s death in 1776…. Both John’s son, George, and grandson, Albert, were educated at the Grammar School. Albert became a solicitor, acting for the Water Company in particular, clerk to the magistrates, and was an original trustee of the Collegiate School. His eldest son must have been one of the first pupils at the Collegiate when it opened in July, 1836. … We notice, for example, that Albert’s two grandsons (brother and cousin of the authoress and now called Blakelock) were educated at Repton and Harrow….”
(7)  Link
Mr. Ralph Blakelock Smith died at Bent’s Green Lodge, Ecclesall, in 1880, at the age of 56. He had spent a busy life in the town, especially as legal adviser to the Sheffield Water Company. That was particularly notable during the time when Alderman Thomas Moore fought so strenuously for acquisition by the town of the gas and water undertakings. Mr. Blakelock Smith, however, proved an astute and clever fighter on the other side, and time after time, when the Corporation efforts seemed on the verge of success, so far at all events as the Water Company was concerned, high hopes were dashed by some quite unexpected bit of strategy employed by the company’s adviser. Mr. Smith first lived near Weston Park, his father, Mr. Albert Smith, well known in the town, removing to Bent’s Green, which he transformed from the posting house known as “The Rising Sun” into a delightful residence. It is believed to be “the House on the Moors” referred to in Mrs. Holland’s novel bearing that title. The son, during his father’s life, occupied Thrift House, but later he went to Bent’s Green Lodge, residing there until his death. His grandfather, Mr. George Smith, was one of the assistant ministers at the Parish Church, and curate at Ecclesall 1801-1817, and his great grandfather, Mr. John Smith, also one of the assistant ministers at the Parish Church, 1755-1776, curate at Attercliffe, and also head master of the Sheffield Grammar School. The last named was son of a Sheffield manufacturer who was Master Cutler in 1749. Mr. Smith joined his father in practice, and also as law clerk to the Water Company, the duties in the last-named position becoming very onerous through the bursting of the Dale Dike Reservoir in 1864. Parliament, following on that disaster, granted the company’s suit for a special commission whereby it could adjudicate on the claims which were put in, and, through Parliament’s authorization of a charge by the company of an increased rental for water over a period, the company raised money. In the space of one year the whole of the claims and the costs had been paid off, and the company was able to carry on.”
(8) Link
(9), “Hallamshire: The History and Topography of the Parish of Sheffield”, Joseph Hunter, 1819 Link
OR:, “A short Account of the Sheffield Library, etc.”, T. A. WARD, 1825 Link
(10) Link
Venn: Adm. sizar (age 19) at TRINITY, Aug. 12, 1782. S. of the Rev. John (1748), of Sheffield. School, Sheffield. ‘ Matric. Michs. 1783; B.A. 1787; M.A. 1790. C. of Sheffield, 1789. C. of Papplewick, Notts. Promised the living of Rotherham, but lost it through representations being made to the patron, Lord Effingham, that he was a Methodist. C. of Ecclesall, Yorks., 1804-17. Assistant Master at Sheffield School, 1805-17. Married Mary, dau. of Samuel Roberts. Died Apr. 7, 1817, aged 53. (or death: 8 May 1817)
(11) Link
The Magistrates, Police and other Officers of the town, 1825
Albert Smith, Solicitor, Magistrates’ Clerk, Castle street
(12), The Sheffield and Rotherham Directory
Henry A. RODGERS (and RODGERS (Thomas)), ‎Thomas Rodgers – 1841  Link
(13), Reminisences-OldSheffield, 1875 Link
(14) Link
Richard Smith was born in Sheffield and was a descendent of George Smith, who was Master Cutler in 1749.  Smith exhibited at the Royal Academy when he was only twenty years old.  He painted a number of well-known Sheffield figures and several can be seen in the Cutlers’ Hall (William Bragge on the Ground Floor, Thomas and Mrs Jessop in the Old Banquesting Hall and Sir John Brown in the Main Banqueting Hall.)
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1 Response to Smith (“☩ SMITH”)

  1. Pingback: “Dip-at-toe” stubtails 18th century | Fikira

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